Getting Started

This section describes how to install the CernVM-FS client. The CernVM-FS client is supported on x86, x86_64, and ARM architectures running Linux and macOS \(\geq 10.14\) as well as on Windows Services for Linux (WSL2). There is experimental support for Power and RISC-V architectures.

Overview

The CernVM-FS repositories are located under /cvmfs. Each repository is identified by a fully qualified repository name. On Linux, mounting and un-mounting of the CernVM-FS is usually controlled by autofs and automount. That means that starting from the base directory /cvmfs different repositories are mounted automatically just by accessing them. A repository will be automatically unmounted after some automount-defined idle time. On macOS, mounting and un-mounting of the CernVM-FS is done by the user with sudo mount -t cvmfs /cvmfs/... commands.

Getting the Software

The CernVM-FS source code and binary packages are available from the CernVM website. However it is recommended to use the available package repositories that are also provided for the supported operating systems.

Scientific Linux/CentOS

To add the CVMFS repository and install CVMFS run

sudo yum install https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-release/cvmfs-release-latest.noarch.rpm
sudo yum install -y cvmfs

Debian/Ubuntu

To add the CVMFS repository and install CVMFS run

wget https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-release/cvmfs-release-latest_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i cvmfs-release-latest_all.deb
rm -f cvmfs-release-latest_all.deb
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install cvmfs

Fedora

To install the CVMFS package run

sudo dnf install https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-2.8.1/cvmfs-2.8.1-1.fc32.x86_64.rpm https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-config/cvmfs-config-default-latest.noarch.rpm

Docker Container

The CernVM-FS service container can expose the /cvmfs directory tree to the host. Import the container with

docker pull cvmfs/service

or with

curl https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-2.8.1/cvmfs-service-2.8.1-1.x86_64.docker.tar.gz | docker load

Run the container as a system service with

docker run -d --rm \
  -e CVMFS_CLIENT_PROFILE=single \
  -e CVMFS_REPOSITORIES=sft.cern.ch,... \
  --cap-add SYS_ADMIN \
  --device /dev/fuse \
  --volume /cvmfs:/cvmfs:shared \
  cvmfs/service:2.8.0-1

Use docker stop to unmount the /cvmfs tree. Note that if you run multiple nodes (a cluster), you should use -e CVMFS_HTTP_PROXY to set a proper site proxy as described further down.

Mac OS X

On Mac OS X, CernVM-FS is based on macFUSE. Note that as of macOS 11 Big Sur, kernel extensions need to be enabled to install macFUSE. Verify that fuse is available with

kextstat | grep -i fuse

Download the CernVM-FS client package in the terminal in order to avoid signature warnings

curl -o ~/Downloads/cvmfs-2.8.0.pkg https://ecsft.cern.ch/dist/cvmfs/cvmfs-2.8.0/cvmfs-2.8.0.pkg

Install the CernVM-FS package by opening the .pkg file and reboot. Future releases will provide a signed and notarized package.

Windows / WSL2

Follow the Windows instructions to install the Windows Subsytem for Linux (WSL2). Install any of the Linux distributions and follow the instructions for the distribution in this guide. Whenever you open the Linux distribution, run

sudo cvmfs_config wsl2_start

to start the CernVM-FS service.

Setting up the Software

Configure AutoFS

For the basic setup, run cvmfs_config setup. This ensures that the file /etc/auto.master.d/cvmfs.autofs exists containing /cvmfs /etc/auto.cvmfs and that the autofs service is running. Reload the autofs service in order to apply an updated configuration.

NB: For OpenSUSE uncomment the line #+dir:/etc/auto.master.d/ in the file /etc/auto.master and restart the autofs service.

sed -i 's%#+dir:/etc/auto.master.d%+dir:/etc/auto.master.d%' /etc/auto.master
systemctl restart autofs

Mac OS X

Due to the lack of autofs on macOS, mount the individual repositories manually like

sudo mkdir -p /cvmfs/cvmfs-config.cern.ch
sudo mount -t cvmfs cvmfs-config.cern.ch /cvmfs/cvmfs-config.cern.ch

For optimal configuration settings, mount the config repository before any other repositories.

Create default.local

Create /etc/cvmfs/default.local and open the file for editing. Select the desired repositories by setting CVMFS_REPOSITORIES=repo1,repo2,.... For ATLAS, for instance, set

CVMFS_REPOSITORIES=atlas.cern.ch,atlas-condb.cern.ch,grid.cern.ch

For an individual workstation or laptop, set

CVMFS_CLIENT_PROFILE=single

If you setup a cluster of cvmfs nodes, specify the HTTP proxy servers on your site with

CVMFS_HTTP_PROXY="http://myproxy1:port|http://myproxy2:port"

If you’re unsure about the proxy names, set CVMFS_HTTP_PROXY=DIRECT. This should only be done for a small number of clients (< 5), because large numbers can put a heavy load on the Stratum 1 servers and result, amongst others, in poorer performance for the client. For the syntax of more complex HTTP proxy settings, see Network Settings. If there are no HTTP proxies yet at your site, see Setting up a Local Squid Proxy for instructions on how to set them up.

Verify the file system

Check if CernVM-FS mounts the specified repositories by cvmfs_config probe. If the probe fails, try to restart autofs with sudo systemctl restart autofs.

Building from source

The CernVM-FS client is not relocatable and needs to be installed under /usr. On Intel architectures, it needs a gcc \(\geq 4.2\) compiler, on ARMv7 a gcc \(\geq 4.7\) compiler. In order to compile and install from sources, use the following commands

cd <source directory>
mkdir build && cd build
cmake ../
make
sudo make install

Troubleshooting

In order to check for common misconfigurations in the base setup, run

cvmfs_config chksetup

CernVM-FS gathers its configuration parameter from various configuration files that can overwrite each others settings (default configuration, domain specific configuration, local setup, …). To show the effective configuration for repository.cern.ch, run

cvmfs_config showconfig repository.cern.ch

In order to exclude autofs/automounter as a source of problems, you can try to mount repository.cern.ch manually with the following

mkdir -p /mnt/cvmfs
mount -t cvmfs repository.cern.ch /mnt/cvmfs

In order to exclude SELinux as a source of problems, you can try mounting after SELinux has been disabled by

/usr/sbin/setenforce 0

Once the issue has been identified, ensure that the changes are taken by restarting autofs

systemctl restart autofs